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Griechensaga: Trojanisches Pferd? Hohes Ross?

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Griechensaga: Trojanisches Pferd? Hohes Ross?

Schriftgrösse Aa Aa

Kurz vor möglicherweise entscheidenden Verhandlungen hat Griechenland am Freitag Korrekturen an seinem Antrag auf weitere Milliardenkredite nochmal abgelehnt. Mehrere Euro-Länder beharrten dagegen auf einem Bekenntnis zu den früheren Reformzusagen.

Er könne zuhause keinem erklären, wieso er in Griechenland höhere Sozialleistungen finanzieren solle als ihm selber zustünden, so der deutsche Finanzminister Wolfgang Schäuble. Und die Antwort des griechischen Ressortkollegen Yanis Varoufakis sei ein Desaster gewesen: “In Ihrem Land kann man davon vielleicht leben. In Griechenland nicht.”

(Schäuble wörtlich: “I will tell you this story, it`s true. Last Wednesday, when we discussed with our new colleague from Greece in the Eurogroup, “Yanis, you are raising your minimum wage. But it is difficult for me to explain that we pay for the fact that you raise your minimum wage and social assistance on a higher levels than we have, but we have to pay for you.” And then the reaction was so disastrous. He said, “It may be that you can live with that amount in your country, but not in Greece.”)

Die deutsche Öffentlichkeit scheint inzwischen geteilt in Griechenland-Freunde und Griechenland-Erzieher.

So warnen vier der fünf deutschen “Wirtschaftsweisen” die Griechen vor fatalen Fehlern im aktuellen Schuldenstreit.
Die Regierung in Athen irre sich, wenn sie glaube, dass Griechenland unverzichtbar für die Währungsunion sei, schreiben Lars Feld, Christoph Schmidt, Isabel
Schnabel, Volker Wieland und der Generalsekretär des Rates, Benjamin Weigert, nach Medienberichten (“FAZ”) in einer Analyse. Demnach würde ein Euro-Ausscheiden
Griechenlands den Währungsraum nicht zwingend schwächen: “In der aktuellen Situation könnte ein Grexit (ein Ausstieg Griechenlands aus dem Euro) – letztlich unbeabsichtigt – sogar das Gegenteil bewirken.”

Denn dadurch würde die Glaubwürdigkeit des institutionellen Rahmenwerks gestärkt und die Integrität des Euroraums gefestigt. Die Wirtschaftsweisen warnen: “Griechenland hat eine Regierung gewählt, deren Handlungen die Situation deutlich zu verschlimmern drohen.” Sie habe die wirtschaftspolitischen Alternativen fehlerhaft analysiert und ihre internationale Verhandlungssituation falsch eingeschätzt.

Fach-Beamte nannten den Brief aus Athen zu verlängerten Finanzhilfen eine Täuschung, ein “Trojanisches Pferd.”

Sie habe nicht die Absicht, sich mit der griechischen Mythologie zu befassen, sagte dazu Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel: “Meine Kenntnisse sind hier begrenzt.”

Sprach’s und forderte “erhebliche Verbesserungen in der Substanz”, und “Griechenland soll in der Euro-Zone bleiben.”

Sigrid Ulrich mit dpa

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Griechenlands Antrag an die Eurogruppe (laut ZEIT ONLINE):

“Athens, February 18, 2015

Dear President of the Eurogroup,

Over the last five years, the people of Greece have exerted remarkable efforts in economic adjustment. The new government is committed to a broader and deeper reform process aimed at durably improving growth and employment prospects, achieving debt sustainability and financial stability, enhancing social fairness and mitigating the significant social cost of the ongoing crisis.

The Greek authorities recognise that the procedures agreed by the previous governments were interrupted by the recent presidential and general elections and that, as a result, several of the technical arrangements have been invalidated. The Greek authorities honour Greece’s financial obligations to all its creditors as well as state our intention to cooperate with our partners in order to avert technical impediments in the context of the Master Facility Agreement which we recognise as binding vis-a-vis its financial and procedural content.

In this context, the Greek authorities are now applying for the extension of the Master Financial Assistance Facility Agreement for a period of six months from its termination during which period we shall proceed jointly, and making best use of given flexibility in the current arrangement, toward its successful conclusion and review on the basis of the proposals of, on the one hand, the Greek government and, on the other, the institutions.

The purpose of the requested six-month extension of the Agreement’s duration is:

(a) To agree the mutually acceptable financial and administrative terms the implementation of which, in collaboration with the institutions, will stabilise Greece’s fiscal position, attain appropriate primary fiscal surpluses, guarantee debt stability and assist in the attainment of fiscal targets for 2015 that take into account the present economic situation.

(b) To ensure, working closely with our European and international partners, that any new measures be fully funded while refraining from unilateral action that would undermine the fiscal targets, economic recovery and financial stability.

© To allow the European Central Bank to re-introduce the waiver in accordance with its procedures and regulations.

(d) To extend the availability of the EFSF bonds held by the HFSF for the duration of the Agreement.

(e) To commence work between the technical teams on a possible new Contract for Recovery and Growth that the Greek authorities envisage between Greece, Europe and the International Monetary Fund which could follow the current Agreement.

(f) To agree on supervision under the EU and ECB framework and, in the same spirit, with the International Monetary Fund for the duration of the extended Agreement.

(G) To discuss means of enacting the November 2012 Eurogroup decision regarding possible further debt measures and assistance for implementation after the completion of the extended Agreement and as part of the follow-up Contract.

With the above in mind, the Greek government expresses its determination to cooperate closely with the European Union’s institutions and with the International Monetary Fund in order: (a) to attain fiscal and financial stability and (b) to enable the Greek government to introduce the substantive, far-reaching reforms that are needed to restore the living standards of millions of Greek citizens through sustainable economic growth, gainful employment and social cohesion.

Sincerely,

Yanis Varoufakis

Minister of Finance

Hellenic Republic”